Abstract

Coesite eclogite is associated with metagranitoid in a 50×100 m2 outcrop within the regionally developed amphibolite-facies Su-Lu orthogneiss. Primary intrusive relationships between the metagranitoid and basic rocks and bulk-chemistry analyses show that together they represent a composite igneous body that has subsequently been strongly deformed and metamorphosed. The presence of rutile, sodie pyroxene, corona garnet, and possible pseudomorphs after coesite all suggest very high pressures of metamorphism in the metagranitoid. This is the first documented occurrence of ultrahigh-pressure (UHP) metagranitoid outside of the European Alps. The existence of UHP metagranitoid shows that low density of rocks does not necessarily prevent subduction to mantle depths. Even at peak metamorphic conditions the UHP composite igneous body reported here would have a bulk density less than the mantle. Buoyancy forces may, therefore, have been important in the early exhumation of this unit. Other outcrops of coesite eclogite in the Su-Lu region may also have been originally metamorphosed along with low-density granitoid rocks.

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