The transient electromagnetic method (TEM) and controlled-source audio-frequency magnetotellurics method (CSAMT) are commonly used in detecting water abundance of rock formation and faults in coal mines. However, these methods show low accuracy, given the multiplicity of their inversion results, especially for areas with minor differences in lithology and electrical property. To improve the accuracy of electromagnetic exploration, a pseudo-2D joint inversion is performed. The objective function of this pseudo-2D joint inversion is established, and the joint inversion process is constrained by resistivity logging data. Afterward, the symmetric successive over-relaxation (SSOR) is used to realize the pseudo-2D joint inversion calculation of TEM and CSAMT with well log constraint. The effectiveness of joint inversion is verified by combining synthetic and field data. Results show that the pseudo-2D joint inversion results of TEM and CSAMT with well log constraint correspond to the actual geological situation. Compared with either TEM or CSAMT, joint inversion has a significantly better capability of reflecting water abundance in rock formation and faults.