ABSTRACT

The water burst from the Ordovician limestone underlain by the Permo-Carboniferous coal seams have potential to trigger coalmine hazards in Northern China. Therefore, it is crucial to identify and accurately map the water enrichment zones and delineate coal seams using an integrated approach based on surface TEM and subsurface wireline log information to avoid water-inrush hazard and ensure safe production of coal. We inverted surface based TEM data using 1-D Occam inversion to identify the conductive anomaly and then further quantified the zone of interest by gamma and resistivity logs. 1-D Occam inversion results show conductive zone around 370 m while higher resistivity and lower gamma ray log signatures were observed against coal seams. Groundwater inrush zone falls within the mid-range gamma ray and resistivity interval as shown on the petrophysical logs. The distinct log signatures (low gamma-ray and high resistivity values) clearly indicated coal seams at depth of 410 and 470 m and subsequently the log trends were used to distinguish between coal units and more permeable sands. The magnitude and the variability of these parameters in the borehole are attributed to the subsurface stratigraphic heterogeneity. They can be key clues for interpretation of depositional facies of coal-bearing sequence and may also be used as a constraint in characterization of groundwater enrichment zone.

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