ABSTRACT

The geometry of source and receiver is one of the most crucial factors for the success of a controlled-source electromagnetic (CSEM) investigation. The inline electric-source configuration, widely used in the marine CSEM method, is not commonly employed for land CSEM surveys. To examine the feasibility of the inline electric-source time domain electromagnetic method (TEM), we first analyzed the optimal observing area for the land-based electric-dipole source by imaging the distribution of each component and the anomalies caused by a resistive or conductive target layer. Then, we conducted an error-space analysis to evaluate the sensitivity of each inline component based on the result of the optimal observation area. Finally, we collected field data from a typical inline dipole-dipole configuration and inverted the data with an algorithm based on Occam's principle.

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