Abstract

The Shaximiao Formation in the Zhongjiang Gas Field of the Sichuan Basin was initially a high-productivity gas field with the bright spot channel as the vital exploration target. With further development, gas wells were obtained in some nonbright spot areas, which caused interpreters to pay great attention to the channels with nonbright spot abnormal amplitudes. We have developed a method to delineate nonbright spot channels from the complicated sand-mudstone contact relationship. First, we classified sandstone into types I, IIa, IIb, and III, depending on the responses of the amplitude variation with offset from the drilled data, to produce a forward model. We the explain why the hidden channel cannot be identified using the full-angle stack seismic data based on this model. Afterward, we put forward a difference, between the synthetic seismogram responses of bright and nonbright channels, in creating seismic-to-well ties for nonbright channels. This difference from bright channels is that the synthetic data’s wave peak is not corresponding to the peak of the real seismic data. The wave trough has the same situation. Finally, we used far-angle stack seismic data to calculate coherent energy and instantaneous spectral attributes (the latter produced for red-green-blue blending) to identify the hidden channel. We observed that parts of the channel are more clearly visible in the far-angle stack than in the full-angle stack data. In the latter situation, we cannot describe the geometric shape of the channel elaborately. The Shaximiao Formation example is a relatively effective analog for nonbright spot plays compared with elsewhere.

You do not currently have access to this article.