Abstract

Flash floods have led to disruptions of human activities and the destruction of properties particularly in the Nuweiba region of southeast Sinai. Despite the arid nature of Sinai, flash floods still pose a great hazard to the region. Using remote sensing characterization, geohazard models were developed to identify flash flood areas; delineate and discriminate morphological features, active channels areas, and soil physiography with a view to categorize risk areas exposed to flash floods hazards in a hazard map; and proffer measures for mitigation. The characterization was achieved using a workflow model developed from spatial data sets of the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) digital elevation model (DEM) and the red-green-blue (RGB) composites from Landsat bands 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper (ETM+). The data were used to investigate and assess flash flood areas for morphological attributes, watershed basin characterization, and generation of false color composite from the Landsat 7 ETM+ 7, 4, and 2 RGB bands, and the principal component analysis band from a composite of 742 RGB. Multivariate analysis of generated raster layer attributes provided enhancements and attribute discrimination for delineating areas of active flood channels, upslope zones, and soil physiography discrimination from their spectral reflectance. The results are presented in an integrated approach of remote sensing with geographic information systems (GIS) and indicate that the soil types and geologic units contribute greatly toward activation of these flash floods, which is triggered by intense rainstorms. Components of the generated map attributes of SRTM DEM, gradient of DEM, and Landsat 7 ETM+ composite of 742 bands in GIS were used to generate a hazard map using spatial analysis to depict the nature and scale of the issues identified. Due to the flash flood vulnerabilities, the study area was classified into stable/low-, moderate-, and high-risk areas. Mitigation measures to control flash floods were proposed to enable adequate preparations to mitigate impending flash flood disasters.

You do not currently have access to this article.