Four controlled-source audio-frequency magnetotelluric (CSAMT) profiles were conducted in early 2011 to investigate the distribution rules of oil shale in the Tongchuan area of the southern Ordos Basin. After terrain correction, we high-pass filtered the resulting images to prepare the 2D CSAMT apparent resistivity profiles for further analysis. Specifically, we have correlated the high-pass-filtered apparent resistivity anomalies to the distribution of oil shale seen in three available wells. The results reveal a close relationship between the oil shale distribution and the anomalously high-apparent-resistivity belt-like anomalies in the Tongchuan area. Our analysis indicates two prospective areas with different depths for oil shale within the study area.