The depth of detection (DOD), which is an important concept in logging data interpretation, describes the detection capability of the borehole measurements. We have extended the definition of DOD for azimuthal information, namely, the geosignal delivered by azimuthal resistivity tools, to resistivity logs in logging-while-drilling (LWD) applications. Instead of using the radial geometric factor, the detection thresholds in predicting a geologic boundary are used to describe the DOD of a measurement. This definition unifies the criteria to evaluate the detectability of different borehole measurements, such as LWD resistivity measurements and geosignals. It also can be generalized to other kinds of well logging methods in LWD applications. Using the proposed definition, we analyze the detection capability of the LWD resistivity measurements in looking-around and looking-ahead applications; they provide more tangible descriptions. In vertical or near-vertical wells, the definition provides an indicator to evaluate the capability and reliability of looking ahead of deep/ultradeep LWD resistivity tools. The investigations on the influence of the DOD on the distance-to-boundary inversion, which can help in developing a robust and accurate inversion scheme, also are presented and discussed.