Abstract

We have analyzed a 3D seismic survey acquired for a carbon sequestration project on top of the Moxa Arch in southwestern Wyoming. We observed a zone of discontinuous reflectors on vertical slices of seismic amplitude volume, whereas, the northwest–southeast lineations were observed on the time slices. We performed a seismic to well tie that suggested that the lineations occur within the Nugget Sandstone. The Nugget Sandstone is an eolian sandstone deposit of Early Jurassic age, deposited as a subtropical dune field, and equivalent to the Navajo Sandstone of southwestern Utah. Petrophysical analysis indicates that the Nugget Sandstone is dominated by clean sandstone (70%–80%), whereas evaporites, including halite and anhydrite, are present in certain zones. Previous outcrop studies on the Navajo Sandstone indicate the wind direction to be predominantly northeast–southwest. Seismic attributes, including coherence and curvature, displayed on stratal slices within the Nugget Sandstone interval indicate the presence of lineations in the northwest–southeast direction with irregular spacing. These lineations are approximately perpendicular to the inferred dominant wind direction. We computed the dominant wind direction from the average azimuth of the lineations as seen on the curvature attribute in the Nugget Sandstone interval.

     
  • Geological feature:

    Eolian sand dunes with interdunal evaporites

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  • Seismic appearance:

    Parallel lineations with irregular spacing on seismic attribute horizon slices

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  • Alternative interpretations:

    Canyons at continental slopes; slope failures

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  • Features with a similar appearance:

    Marine bars; contourites

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  • Formation:

    The Nugget Sandstone — equivalent to the Navajo Sandstone

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  • Age:

    Early Jurassic

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  • Location:

    Moxa Arch, Wyoming

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  • Seismic data:

    Obtained by the University of Wyoming with US DOE funding

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  • Contributors:

    Dhruv Agrawal, Brady Lujan, Sumit Verma, Shuvajit Bhattacharya, and Subhashis Mallick

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  • Analysis tools:

    Coherence and curvature attributes; seismic inversion; petrophysical inversion

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