Abstract

The third member of the Shahejie Formation (Es3) is the main hydrocarbon exploration target in the KL-A oilfield, Bohai Bay Basin, East China. The facies classification is an essential step in mapping the depositional system of Es3 within the Bohai Bay Basin. The facies model is important for identifying the “sweet” lithology within the reservoirs. We characterize the facies of Es3 by integrating cores, well logs, and seismic data. The analysis indicates that the Es3 consists of fan delta deposits. The analysis using well logs and cores indicates that there are five different lithofacies for the Es3 Formation: massive sandstone, horizontally bedded sandstone, trough cross-bedded sandstone, ripple cross-laminated sandstone, and massive mud. The microfacies of Es3 include distributary channel, distributary mouth bar, interdistributary bay, and lacustrine mudstone deposits. The sweet lithologies for hydrocarbon accumulation within the KL-A oilfield include the coarse- and fine-grained sand developed within the channels and distributary mouth bar. We use seismic rms amplitude strata slices to determine the horizontal distribution of facies of the fan delta. The correlation between rms amplitude and well logs indicates that relatively low rms amplitude anomalies on the strata slices can be used as an indicator for sandstone within the KL-A oilfield.

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