Abstract

Compensating for the effects of an acquisition footprint can be one of the most daunting problems when using seismic attributes for quantitative interpretation. This is especially true for unconventional plays because they are on land with accompanying irregular acquisition geometries. Additionally, in such plays, the physical property changes are often small, making the seismic amplitude fidelity critical. We have developed a methodology that integrates a 1D elastic prestack synthetic model with 3D acquisition geometry to accurately model the seismic footprint produced by irregular or insufficient sampling of primary reflectivity. The stacked amplitude response of the modeled survey is then used to mitigate the poststack footprint on the field seismic. Modeling and removing this element of the acquisition footprint quantitatively improve the interpretive value of the mapped seismic amplitudes. In our study area, correlation between seismic amplitudes and well control increased from an R2 of 0.053 before correction to an R2 of 0.629 after. Our approach is especially effective in situations in which the spatial frequency of the footprint overlaps that of the geologic signal.

     
  • Geological feature:

    Acquisition related seismic amplitude artifacts

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  • Seismic appearance:

    Smoothly varying amplitude changes

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  • Alternative interpretations:

    Bed thickness variation

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  • Features with similar appearance:

    Carbonate porosity

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  • Formation:

    Niobrara Formation, mixed chalks and marlstones

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  • Age:

    Upper Cretaceous

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  • Location:

    Wattenberg Field, Denver Basin, north central Colorado

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  • Seismic data:

    Joint acquisition between Anadarko Petroleum and Colorado School of Mines, Reservoir Characterization Project

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  • Analysis tools:

    Elastic prestack seismic modeling

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