Abstract

Amplitude variation with offset (AVO) inversion has been widely used in reservoir characterization to predict lithology and fluids. However, some existing AVO inversion methods that use L1 norm regularization may not obtain the block boundary of subsurface layers because the AVO inversion is a severely ill-posed problem. To obtain sparse and accurate solutions, we have introduced the L12 minimization method as an alternative to L1 norm regularization. We used L12 minimization for simultaneous P- and S-impedance inversion from prestack seismic data. We first derived the forward problem with multiangles and set up the inversion objective function with constraints of a priori low-frequency information obtained from well-log data. Then, we introduced minimization of the difference of L1 and L2 norms, denoted as L12 minimization, to solve this objective function. The nonconvex penalty function of the L12 minimization method is decomposed into two convex subproblems via the difference of convex algorithm, and each subproblem is solved by the alternating direction method of multipliers. Compared to L1 norm regularization, the results indicate that L12 minimization has superior performance over L1 norm regularization in promoting blocky/sparse solutions. Tests on synthetic and field data indicate that our method can provide sparser and more accurate P- and S-impedance inversion results. The overall results confirm that our method has great potential in the detection and identification of fluids.

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