Abstract

The Daqing field, located in the Songliao Basin in northeastern China, is the largest oil field in China. Most production in the Daqing field comes from seismically thin sand bodies with thicknesses between 1 and 15 m. Thus, it is not usually possible to resolve Daqing reservoirs using only conventional seismic data. We have evaluated the effectiveness of seismic multiattribute analysis of bandwidth extended data in resolving and making inferences about these thin layers. Multiattribute analysis uses statistical methods or neural networks to find relationships between well data and seismic attributes to predict some physical property of the earth. This multiattribute analysis was applied separately to conventional seismic data and seismic data that were spectrally broadened using sparse-layer inversion because this inversion method usually increases the vertical resolution of the seismic. Porosity volumes were generated using target porosity logs and conventional seismic attributes, and isofrequency volumes were obtained by spectral decomposition. The resulting resolution, statistical significance, and accuracy in the determination of layer properties were higher for the predictions made using the spectrally broadened volume.

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