Despite the ever-increasing use of 3D seismic data in today’s exploration and production activities, 2D seismic data continue to play an important role in the oil and gas industry. Interpretations of 2D regional and megaregional surveys are essential elements of integrated exploration programs, establishing frameworks for basin analysis, structural synthesis, and play fairway identification and mapping. When correlating and mapping horizons on 2D migrated seismic data, interpreters use certain practical techniques for handling structural misties, which are caused by the fundamental limitation of 2D migration to account for out-of-plane components of dip.

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