Abstract

The advent of new deep-learning and machine-learning paradigms enables the development of new solutions to tackle the challenges posed by new geophysical imaging applications. For this reason, convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have been deeply investigated as novel tools for seismic image processing. In particular, we have studied a specific CNN architecture, the generative adversarial network (GAN), through which we process seismic migrated images to obtain different kinds of output depending on the application target defined during training. We have developed two proof-of-concept applications. In the first application, a GAN is trained to turn a low-quality migrated image into a high-quality one, as if the acquisition geometry was much more dense than in the input. In the second example, the GAN is trained to turn a migrated image into the respective deconvolved reflectivity image. The effectiveness of the investigated approach is validated by means of tests performed on synthetic examples.

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