Abstract

Microfractures represent an important rupture type, but current studies on the construction of microscale rupture parameters and their impacts on oil and gas production capacity are relatively weak. Therefore, we constructed the strain energy density (U) based on 3D finite-element method (FEM) for the tight sandstone reservoir of the Permian He8 segment in the western region of the Sulige gas field, Ordos Basin. It indicated that the U values of the major production layers are mainly distributed between 0.12 and 0.29  J·m3. High-U-value regions (U0.23  J·m3) are mainly distributed in local areas of the western, central, and eastern regions. The U values are small in the northwestern part of the study area and are usually less than 0.20  J·m3. There is a very good exponential correlation between the U values and gas well productivity (the main controlling factor for the production capacity of the He8 tight sandstone is the gas content, and fracturing, as an engineering factor affecting capacity, has not been taken into account). The distribution of the strain energy densities also matches the low-amplitude tectonic zone well. We have developed the criterion for the discrimination of gas well productivity using the strain energy density. According to this criterion, the conformity rates of type I, type II, and type III wells are 92.3%, 73.0%, and 83.3%, respectively. The areas with U values greater than 0.21  J·m3, especially for areas with U values exceeding 0.23  J·m3, which should serve as the core exploration targets. The research results can effectively guide tight gas sandstone exploration in low-amplitude tectonic zones and reduce the risk of drilling.

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