Abstract

One of the key tasks of a seismic interpreter is to map lateral changes in surfaces, not only including faults, folds, and flexures, but also incisements, diapirism, and dissolution features. Volumetrically, coherence provides rapid visualization of faults and curvature provides rapid visualization of folds and flexures. Aberrancy measures the lateral change (or gradient) of curvature along a picked or inferred surface. Aberrancy complements curvature and coherence. In normally faulted terrains, the aberrancy anomaly will track the coherence anomaly and fall between the most positive curvature anomaly defining the footwall and the most negative curvature anomaly defining the hanging wall. Aberrancy can delineate faults whose throw falls below the seismic resolution or is distributed across a suite of smaller conjugate faults that do not exhibit a coherence anomaly. Previously limited to horizon computations, we extend aberrancy to uninterpreted seismic data volumes. We apply our volumetric aberrancy calculation to a data volume acquired over the Barnett Shale gas reservoir of the Fort Worth Basin, Texas. In this area, the Barnett Shale is bound on the top by the Marble Falls Limestone and on the bottom by the Ellenburger Dolomite. Basement faulting controls karstification in the Ellenburger, resulting in the well-known “string of pearls” pattern seen on coherence images. Aberrancy delineates small karst features, which are, in many places, too smoothly varying to be detected by coherence. Equally important, aberrancy provides the azimuthal orientation of the fault and flexure anomalies.

You do not currently have access to this article.