Summary

The Ceará Basin is a deepwater exploration frontier basin that comprises part of the Brazilian equatorial margin. This basin has been receiving renewed attention from the petroleum industry since the discovery of important deepwater oil fields in its African counterpart. However, detailed seismic stratigraphic, depositional, and structural frameworks for the Ceará Basin are still lacking in the literature. We have analyzed a series of 2D seismic data sets and stumbled into the pitfalls of migration artifacts (i.e., multiples) ultimately realizing that reprocessing was the best option to avoid the mistake of interpreting these artifacts as geologic features. Multiples can be difficult to identify in seismic data in which they mimic the true geology of the region, and they often present a pitfall for less experienced interpreters. Indeed, the identification and removal of multiples is crucial because they do not reflect the true geology in the subsurface and may otherwise lead to incorrect business decisions.

     
  • Geological feature:

    Stratigraphy of the Ceará Basin, offshore Brazil

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  • Seismic appearance:

    Strong seismic horizons mimicking geological layering

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  • Alternative interpretations:

    Multiples arising from poor seismic migration processing

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  • Features with similar appearance:

    Strong seismic horizons reflecting basement and carbonates

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  • Formation:

    Rift sequence of the Ceará Basin

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  • Age:

    Cretaceous

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  • Location:

    Ceará Basin, offshore Brazil

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  • Seismic data:

    Obtained by the Brazilian National Petroleum Agency and reprocessed by the authors

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  • Analysis tool:

    Reprocessing

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