Abstract

The Mamuniyat petroleum reservoir in southwestern Libya is comprised of clean sandstones and intercalated shale and sand facies that are characterized by spatial porosity variations. Seismic reflection data from the field exhibit relatively low vertical seismic resolution, side lobes of reflection wavelets, reflection interference, and low acoustic impedance contrast between the reservoir and the units underneath the reservoir, which make mapping those facies a difficult task. In the absence of broadband seismic data, optimizing frequency bands of bandlimited data can be used to suppress pseudoreflectors resulting from side-lobe effects and help to separate the clean sandstone facies of the reservoir. We have optimized the data based on our investigation of seismic frequency bands and used instantaneous frequency analysis to reveal the reflection discontinuity that is mainly associated with the reservoir boundary of the sandstone facies of the clean Mamuniyat reservoir. We also preformed rock-physics diagnostic modeling and inverted the seismic data using spectral-based colored inversion into relative acoustic impedance. The inverted impedance matches the up-scaled impedance from the well data and the inversion of relative acoustic impedance confirms the conclusion that was drawn from the instantaneous frequency results. The interpretation of facies distributions based on the instantaneous frequency was supported by the inversion results and the rock-physics models.

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