Abstract

Complex regional geologic structural controls have generated a lot of interest in the engineering, oil, and gas industries within the past few years. Digital elevation models (DEMs), multispectral remote sensing images using ArcGIS software, in combination with data cube and geomorphologic characterization, provide important markers that aid in spatial information analysis for the study area. We have validated the characterization and classification of DEMs using spatial statistics by mineral spectroscopy of multispectral remote sensing data. Our characterization was initiated by a joint interpretation of DEMs and multispectral remote sensing data in association with stratigraphic and geologic information. We have combined Landsat ETM+ images from visible (VIS), near-infrared (NIR), and mid-infrared (MID IR) to create red-green-blue (RGB) images, superimposed with high-spectral-resolution 15 m panchromatic band 8. Principal component analysis (PCA) further enhanced the image results. To characterize the geomorphology and near surface, specific bands used included RGB Landsat 742 and 321 data sets, whereas false-color Landsat RGB images (742 and 432) provided spatial data in delineating areas of lineations and fault systems. The tectonic lineaments extracted from the escarpments of the DEM and magnetic data provided structures related to tectonic forces to better understand the major faults, lineations, and geomorphology. Results of this study showed a strikingly reliable interpretative result of these faults that controlled the low-lying areas. These faults and lineations are high-permeability zones that can be saturated by water during active rainfall and flash-flood periods thereby disrupting the equilibrium of various fault zones in the area and raising tectonic activities within the active fault system. Such saturation presents a major environmental hazard for the study area. Generally, the use of Landsat data combined with PCA indicates promising evidence of possible plays within the huge sedimentary deposits and raised concerns about safety and hazard issues.

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