Abstract

Legacy seismic surveys cover much of the midcontinent USA and Texas, with almost all 3D surveys acquired in the 1990s considered today to be low fold. Fortunately, recent advances in 5D interpolation have not only enhanced the quality of structural and stratigraphic images, but they have also improved the data sufficiently to allow more quantitative interpretation, such as impedance inversion. Although normal-moveout-corrected, common-midpoint-based 5D interpolation does an excellent job of amplitude balancing and the suppression of acquisition footprint, it appears to misinterpolate undercorrected diffractions, thus smearing fault and stratigraphic edges. We described a least-squares migration-driven 5D interpolation workflow, in which data were interpolated by demigrating the current subsurface image to the missing offsets and azimuths. Such demigration accurately interpolates fault edges and other diffractors, thereby preserving lateral discontinuities, while suppressing footprint and balancing the amplitudes. We have applied this workflow to a highly aliased low-fold survey acquired in the early 1990s now of use in mapping the newly reinvigorated Mississippi Lime play. This workflow improves reflector continuity, preserves faults delineated by coherence, balances the amplitude, and provides improved well ties.

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