The Gulf of Mexico (GOM) basin is the habitat for a very large hydrocarbon endowment.

According to a 2015 report by the U.S. Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), the original reserves in the GOM Outer Continental Shelf, as of 31 December 2012, are estimated to be 22.11 billion barrels of oil and 193.0 trillion cubic feet of gas in 1297 fields (Kazanis et al., 2015).

These figures do not include estimates of yet-to-find resources for the GOM. It is the primary purpose of exploration to seek out these resources, which are found in extensions of existing plays...

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