We have developed two case studies demonstrating the use of high-resolution seismic tomography and reflection imaging in the field of paleoseismology. The first study, of the Washington fault in southern Utah, USA, evaluated the subsurface deposits in the hanging wall of the normal fault. The second study, of the Mercur fault in the eastern Great Basin of Utah, USA, helped to establish borehole locations for sampling subsurface colluvial deposits buried deeper than those previously trenched along the fault zone. We evaluated the seismic data interpretations by comparison with data obtained by trenching and logging deposits across the Washington fault, and by drill-core sampling and video logging of boreholes penetrating imaged deposits along the Mercur fault. The seismic tomograms provided critical information on colluvial wedges and faults but lacked sufficient detail to resolve individual paleoearthquakes.