Many thin beds in the subsurface are associated with hydrocarbons or other minerals. The seismic response of thin beds is complex due to interference between reflections from the different thin-layered interfaces. The conventional method of determining lithology, thickness, and other properties may typically not be applicable in such cases. Yet the extraction of stratigraphic information from seismic data below the tuning thickness remains a key objective.

An ambitious goal of thin-bed analysis is to extract facies, lithology, locality, thickness, porosity, fluid content, and geomechanical information from seismic data. Although still a technically challenging topic, there have been significant new developments...

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