Abstract

To improve the management of a Nigerian deep water field, two vintages of 4D data have been acquired since field start up in 2005. The first Nigerian 4D seismic (monitor-I) in water depths greater than 1000 m was taken in this field in 2008, and the second monitor (monitor-II) was acquired in 2012. Compared to monitor-I, better geometric repeatability was achieved in monitor-II as the lessons learned from monitor-I were incorporated to achieve better results. The final normalized root mean square of monitor-II fast-track volume was 12% compared to 25% for monitor-I. The improved quality is attributed to improvements in the acquisition methodology and prediction of the effects of currents. Seismic interpretation of the field revealed two distinct turbidite depositional settings: (1) An unconfined amalgamated lobe system with low relief, high net-to-gross reservoir sands that exhibit fairly homogeneous water flooding patterns on 4D and (2) an erosional canyon setting, filled with meander belts having a more complex 3D connectivity within and between the channels resulting in a challenging 4D interpretation. The time lapse data were instrumental for better understanding the reservoir architecture, enabling improved wells and reservoir management practices, the identification of infill opportunities, and more mature subsurface models. We evaluated the seismic acquisition and the 4D interpretation of the deepwater 4D seismic data, highlighting the merits of a multidisciplinary collaborative understanding to time-lapse seismic. At present, the value of information of the 4D monitor-II is conservatively estimated at 101 million United States dollars, equivalent to the cost of a well in this deepwater operating environment.

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