A range of geophysical techniques has been used at various stages of the discovery and delineation of the Kitumba deposit in Central Zambia. Early era magnetics, geologic mapping, artisanal Cu plays, and the application of an iron oxide copper gold (IOCG) exploration model led explorers to the area in the 1990s. An airborne gravity gradiometer (AGG) survey was flown in 2004, and it highlighted key regional elements considered to be prerequisite for prospective IOCG mineralization. The AGG survey accurately delineated the spatial extents of two target areas referred to as the Kitumba and Mutoya systems. Gravity, radiometric, and magnetic data sets acquired as part of the AGG survey have mapped geologic and structural information as well as the extent of the IOCG alteration system. Significant uranium anomalism in the radiometric data was identified at Kitumba upon which the discovery hole S36-001 was sited. In 2012, a 3D direct current resistivity and induced polarization survey was conducted over Kitumba. The survey results provided 3D models of induced polarization chargeability anomalism and allowed successful delineation of sulfide material within the known deposit. The survey also provided an enhanced understanding of the 3D geometry of the mineralization. This improved understanding allowed a refocusing of drilling activities to best target extensions to existing mineralization.

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