Abstract

All color monitors display images by mixing red, green, and blue (RGB) components. These RGB components can be defined mathematically in terms of hue, lightness, and saturation (HLS) components. A fourth alpha-blending (also called opacity) component provides a means to corender multiple images. Most, but not all, modern commercial interpretation workstation software vendors provide multiattribute display tools using an opacity model. A smaller subset of vendors provide tools to interactively display two or three attributes using HLS, CMY, and RGB color models. I evaluated a technique (or trick) to simulate the HLS color model using monochromatic color bars and only opacity. This same trick only approximates true color blending of RGB or CMY components. There are three basic objectives in choosing which attributes to display together. The first objective is to understand the correlation of one attribute to another, and most commonly, of a given attribute to the original seismic amplitude data. The second objective is to visualize the confidence or relevance of a given attribute by modulating it with a second attribute. The third objective is to provide a more integrated image of the seismic data volume by choosing attributes that are mathematically independent but correlated through the underlying geology. I developed the interpretation value of the HLS display technique on a 3D data volume acquired over the Central Basin Platform of west Texas exhibiting faults, fractures, folds, channels, pinch outs, and karst features. To be a useful “technique,” I need to demonstrate these workflows within a specific package. Although I implemented the workflow in Petrel 2014, similar images can be generated using any software with flexible opacity capabilities. I also developed a short list of attribute combinations that are particularly amenable to corendering in HLS.

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