Groundwater is sometimes described as the “Cinderella” of water resources, since it is an often overlooked part of South Africa’s total water resource. The scientific study of groundwater – known as hydrogeology (or geohydrology) – is something of a hybrid, combining skills and techniques from several disciplines including mathematics, chemistry, economics and engineering. These skills must however conformably overlie a solid foundation of geological knowledge since the physical nature of any aquifer is fundamental to its groundwater resource. The formal subject of hydrogeology is also relatively new – for example it is estimated that prior to 1964 only five universities...

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