Abstract

The Apiesdooringdraai peridotite is a syn-Bushveld Complex, dominantly harzburgitic intrusion of Lower Zone parentage. Detailed mapping and three-dimensional modeling shows the intrusion to comprise several discordant segments linked by concordant, sill-like segments. Deformation in the contact aureole is strongly partitioned adjacent to the discordant segments of the intrusion and is detectable at distances from the contact on the order of the intrusion width. In contrast, areas above and below the intrusion, and at greater distances from the discordant intrusive segments, are effectively undeformed. The geometry of structural features suggests that the peridotite is a variably structurally-evolved stepped-sill system that was emplaced as kilometre-scale magma fingers from the northwest to the southeast, a trend heavily utilised by the mafic-ultramafic magmas of the Bushveld Complex. Deformation in the country rock was affected by the lateral expansion of the magma fingers at high postulated strain rates, and linkage of offset fingers formed prominent steps in the intrusion. Emplacement-related country rock deformation is postdated by a shallow dipping foliation that records compaction and crustal loading during contact metamorphism.

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