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Tetrapod (amphibian and amniote) fossils of Carboniferous age are known almost exclusively from the southern part of a palaeoequatorial Euramerican province. The stratigraphic distribution of Carboniferous tetrapod fossils is used to identify five land-vertebrate faunachrons: (1) Hortonbluffian (Givetian–early Visean), the time between the first appearance datum (FAD) of tetrapods to the beginning of the Doran; (2) Doran (late Visean–early Bashkirian), the time between the FAD of the baphetid Loxomma and the beginning of the Nyranyan; (3) Nyranyan (late Bashkirian–Moscovian), the time between the FAD of the eureptile Hylonomus and the beginning of the Cobrean; (4) Cobrean (Kasimovian–late Gzhelian), the time between the FAD of the eupelycosaur Ianthasaurus and the beginning of the Coyotean; and (5) Coyotean (late Gzhelian–early Permian), the time between the FAD of the eupelycosaur Sphenacodon and the beginning of the Seymouran. This biochronology provides insight into some important evolutionary events in Carboniferous tetrapod evolution.

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