Large Igneous Provinces and their Plumbing Systems
Identification of large-volume, short-duration mafic magmatic events of intraplate affinity in both continental and oceanic settings on the Earth and other planets provides invaluable clues for understanding several vital geological issues of current concern. Of particular importance is understanding the assembly and dispersal of supercontinents through Earth's history, dramatic climate change events including mass extinctions, and processes that have produced a wide range of large igneous province (LIP)-related resources, such as Ni–Cu–PGE, Au, U, base metals and petroleum. This volume comprises 21 contributions on the latest developments and new information on LIPs and their plumbing systems and presents methodical studies on different components of LIP plumbing systems. These articles are especially helpful in understanding continental break-up events, regional domal uplift and a variety of metallogenic systems, as well as the temporal and spatial distribution of LIPs, their origin and their likely links to mantle plumes/superplumes.
Petrogenesis of silicic rocks from the Phan Si Pan–Tu Le region of the Emeishan large igneous province, northwestern Vietnam
Published:March 09, 2022
Thuy Thanh Pham, J. Gregory Shellnutt, Tuan-Anh Tran, Steven W. Denyszyn, Yoshiyuki Iizuka, 2022. "Petrogenesis of silicic rocks from the Phan Si Pan–Tu Le region of the Emeishan large igneous province, northwestern Vietnam", Large Igneous Provinces and their Plumbing Systems, Rajesh K. Srivastava, Richard E. Ernst, Kenneth L. Buchan, Michiel de Kock
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The Permian silicic rocks in the Phan Si Pan (PSP) Uplift area and Tu Le (TL) basin of NW Vietnam (collectively the PSP–TL region) are associated with the Emeishan large igneous province (ELIP). The Permian Muong Hum, Phu Sa Phin and Nam Xe–Tam Duong granites and Tu Le rhyolites are alkali ferroan A1-type granitic rocks, which probably formed by fractional crystallization of high-Ti basaltic magma that was contaminated by melts derived from the Neoproterozoic host rocks. Zircon U–Pb laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA–ICP–MS) geochronology yielded weighted-mean 206Pb/238U ages of 246 ± 3 to 259 ± 3 Ma for granites, and 249 ± 3 and 254 ± 2 Ma for rhyolites. This is contrasted with previously published high precision U–Pb ages, obtained using chemical abrasion–isotope dilution–thermal ionization mass spectrometry method applied on the same zircon grains, which suggests that the calculated LA–ICP–MS U–Pb ages are variably inaccurate by up to 10 Ma, although at the single-grain level dates generally agree within uncertainty. The similarity of rock texture, whole-rock geochemistry, emplacement ages and fractionation phases between the PSP–TL region and silicic rocks in the Inner Zone ELIP (i.e. Panzhihua, Binchuan) suggests they were spatially proximal before being sinistrally displaced along the Ailao Shan–Red River shear zone.