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The Archean age granite gneiss basement along the Prydz Bay coastline in East Antarctica hosts north–south-, east–west-, NE–SW- and NW–SE-trending mafic dyke swarms in the Vestfold Hills region that intruded between 2420 and 1250 Ma. The orientations of dykes do not show a direct correlation with the dyke geochemistry. Instead the dykes can be broadly discriminated into high-Mg and Fe-rich tholeiites. The former type is more siliceous, large ion lithophile elements (LILEs), high field strength elements (HFSEs) and light REEs enriched crystallized from a fractionated melt with a notable crustal component or fluid enrichment through the previous subduction process. The Fe-rich tholeiites are less siliceous, have lower abundances of LILEs and REEs, that indicates derivation from an undifferentiated, primitive melt. The geochemical characteristics of both types underline a shallow level and a high degree of melting in the majority of cases, and a broadly island arc basalt (IAB) affinity. Palaeomagnetic analysis of hand samples shows directional groups consistent with geochemical groupings. The Vestfold Hills dykes show a possible linkage with the coeval mafic dykes in the Eastern Dharwar and Bastar cratons of the South Indian Block, based on the similarity in the Paleoproterozoic palaeolatitudes.

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