Large Igneous Provinces and their Plumbing Systems
Identification of large-volume, short-duration mafic magmatic events of intraplate affinity in both continental and oceanic settings on the Earth and other planets provides invaluable clues for understanding several vital geological issues of current concern. Of particular importance is understanding the assembly and dispersal of supercontinents through Earth's history, dramatic climate change events including mass extinctions, and processes that have produced a wide range of large igneous province (LIP)-related resources, such as Ni–Cu–PGE, Au, U, base metals and petroleum. This volume comprises 21 contributions on the latest developments and new information on LIPs and their plumbing systems and presents methodical studies on different components of LIP plumbing systems. These articles are especially helpful in understanding continental break-up events, regional domal uplift and a variety of metallogenic systems, as well as the temporal and spatial distribution of LIPs, their origin and their likely links to mantle plumes/superplumes.
Spatiotemporal evolution of large igneous provinces and their related rifts in the North China craton: role in craton breakup and destruction
Published:March 09, 2022
Peng Peng, Huiru Xu, Chong Wang, Xiangdong Su, Fengbo Sun, Xinping Wang, 2022. "Spatiotemporal evolution of large igneous provinces and their related rifts in the North China craton: role in craton breakup and destruction", Large Igneous Provinces and their Plumbing Systems, Rajesh K. Srivastava, Richard E. Ernst, Kenneth L. Buchan, Michiel de Kock
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The North China craton is encircled by four successive triple-conjugated rifts, which are respectively the centres of large igneous provinces (LIPs) of bimodal compositions, i.e. Xiong'er rift (south, c. 1.78 Ga Taihang LIP), Yanliao rift (north, c. 1.32 Ga Yanliao LIP), Xuhuai rift (east, c. 1.23 Ga Licheng and c. 0.92 Ga Dashigou LIPs) and Langshan rift (west, c. 0.82 Ga Qianlishan LIP). These rifts are genetically related to their contemporaneous LIPs based on their consistent geometry. Spatial migration of these rifts and LIPs indicates their propagation from along one marginal side to the opposite side of the craton, which may have resulted in the sequential breakup of the proto-North China craton from one side to the other during 1.8–0.8 Ga. However, the observation that the lithosphere under the LIP-associated rift regions is less destroyed (decratonized) in the Mesozoic indicates a possible role of LIPs in strengthening intracratonic steady state. This study shows that LIPs may change craton stability in either direction.