Applications of Non-Pollen Palynomorphs: from Palaeoenvironmental Reconstructions to Biostratigraphy
CONTAINS OPEN ACCESS
This long-awaited book about non-pollen palynomorphs (NPPs) aims to cover gaps in our knowledge of these abundant but understudied palynological remains. NPPs, such as fungal spores, testate amoebae, dinoflagellate cysts, acritarchs and animal remains, are routinely recovered from palynological preparations of marine or terrestrial material, from Proterozoic to recent geological times. This book gives the reader a comprehensive overview of the different types of NPPs, with examples from diverse time periods and environments. It provides guidance on sample preparation to maximize the recovery of these NPPs, detailed information on their diversity and ecological affinity, clarification on the nomenclature and demonstrates their value as environmental indicators. This volume will become the reference guide for any student, academic or practitioner interested in everything else in their palynological preparations.
Non-pollen palynomorphs in deep time: unravelling the evolution of early eukaryotes
Published:September 21, 2021
Heda Agić, Phoebe A. Cohen, 2021. "Non-pollen palynomorphs in deep time: unravelling the evolution of early eukaryotes", Applications of Non-Pollen Palynomorphs: from Palaeoenvironmental Reconstructions to Biostratigraphy, F. Marret, J. O'Keefe, P. Osterloff, M. Pound, L. Shumilovskikh
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Most of the Precambrian (>538 Ma) fossil record, which includes the time before the onset of macroscopic multicellular life, consists of minute organically preserved remains of soft-bodied micro-organisms, i.e. non-pollen palynomorphs (NPP). These microfossils include single-celled prokaryotic or eukaryotic organisms, filamentous sheets and bacterial cellular aggregates, and occur in marine and lacustrine sediments through most of the Earth's history. Ancient NPP have informed our understanding of one of the biggest evolutionary steps in the history of life: the origin of the eukaryotic cell and the subsequent diversification of eukaryotic life before the evolution of macroscopic forms. The oldest widely accepted eukaryotic microfossils are large cells with opening structures and ornamentation from upper Paleoproterozoic units in China and India. NPP diversify through Meso- and Neoproterozoic Eras, notably recording the oldest multicellular life around 1 billion years ago. In the latest Neoproterozoic, during the advent of animal life, the NPP record allows us to study the cryptic evolution of animals while they were exclusively small and poorly or non-mineralized before the appearance of organisms with hard parts. We review the current understanding of the early eukaryotic evolution and major advances in Precambrian palaeontology through the lens of the NPP record in deep time.