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Three-dimensional seismic reflection data provide a means to assess the impact of injection on parent sands, and to quantify the character of the resulting injectite networks. The morphology of a series of large injectite structures hosted in the Paleocene Lower Lista Formation were mapped using broadband 3D seismic data from the North Sea to investigate their relationship with parent sands. Fourteen bowl-shaped structures were identified within the Lista Formation in the study area (60–85 m in height, and 200–900 m in width). Sand is absent (below resolution) below these large-scale bowls, suggesting that the parent sand is the underlying Maureen Formation and that sand ‘welds’ formed, rather than sand-prone channelized deposits within the Lista Formation.

Identification of injectite networks can be ambiguous, which impacts geological model development. Observations from exhumed systems and core offer high-resolution insights into the complexity of injectite networks. To advance our understanding of this scale gap, we argue for injectites being scale invariant in their shape and grain size. This permits the application of outcrop-scale knowledge to seismic-scale interpretation. The demonstrable depletion of parent sands, and their scale invariance, can be applied to basin-fills worldwide to reduce uncertainties of the impact of sand injectites on hydrocarbon reservoirs.

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