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The Balder Field reservoir sandstone has been interpreted as remobilized from a Mesozoic parent bed. This paper seeks to address the questions raised about this unusual origin. Research and broadly analogous processes are reviewed, leading to the proposal that the parent beds may have been fluidized by bedding-parallel retrogressive entrainment of Statfjord Formation sands by a connected larger source of overpressured fluids. These fluids are identified as most likely derived by lateral migration from the Viking Graben, initiated in response to early Eocene basin inversion related to North Atlantic rifting. The event probably involved breaching of the topseal in multiple places over a large section of the Utsira High. The geometry of large sills formed from small breach points and the internal differentiation seen may show that the sills inflated by lateral accretion from a medial active flowing zone of turbulent, transitional or laminar flowing suspension. It is suggested that sequence-stratigraphic and structural context should be considered as additional criteria to discriminate between depositional and intruded sands.

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