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The Iberian Peninsula comprises the most extensive outcrops of Ordovician rocks in Europe. They are mainly situated within the different ‘zones’ of the Variscan Iberian Massif (also referred to as the Hesperian Massif), except the South Portuguese Zone, as well as in the Palaeozoic massifs of the Iberian Cordillera (an isolated part of the Iberian Massif), the Catalonian Coastal Ranges, the Pyrenees and the Betic Cordillera (Fig. 4.1).

Geological sketch map of the Iberian Peninsula showing the distribution of Ordovician rocks (in black) with reference to the main Precambrian and Palaeozoic exposures (stippled). Key: A–G, Hesperian (Iberian) Massif:...

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