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The rocks assigned to the Mithakhari Mélange are composed of conglomerates, gritty and coarse- to fine-grained volcano-lithic to quartzo-feldspathic sandstones, andesitic tuff, siltstone, mudstones, shale, carbonaceous shale and limestones. They occur as coherent and chaotic units as part of the regionally extensive mélange terrane and include olistoliths of pre-ophiolite metasedimentary rocks, ophiolitic ultramafics and basalts, and pelagic-hemipelagic sediments. This chapter describes and assesses the established lithostratigraphic units and examines their palaeontology, geochemistry and geochronology. Focusing on the units with a strong arc signature we consider environments of deposition and palaeogeography. We confirm the existence of active andesite volcanism on...

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