Geological setting of the Guelb Moghrein Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization, Akjoujt area, Mauritania
Published:January 01, 2008
Jochen Kolb, F. Michael Meyer, Torsten Vennemann, Radegund Hoffbauer, Axel Gerdes, Gregori A. Sakellaris, 2008. "Geological setting of the Guelb Moghrein Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization, Akjoujt area, Mauritania", The Boundaries of the West African Craton, Nasser Ennih, Jean-Paul Liégeois
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The Guelb Moghrein Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co deposit is located at the western boundary of the West African craton in NW Mauritania. The wall rocks to the mineralization represent a meta-volcanosedimentary succession typical of Archaean greenstone belts. Two types of meta-volcanic rocks are distinguished: (1) volcanoclastic rocks of rhyodacite–dacite composition (Sainte Barbe volcanic unit), which form the stratigraphic base; (2) tholeiitic andesites–basalts (Akjoujt meta-basalt unit). The trace element signature of both types is characteristic of a volcanic arc setting. A small meta-pelitic division belongs to the Sainte Barbe volcanic unit. A meta-carbonate body, which contains the mineralization, forms a tectonic lens...
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The Boundaries of the West African Craton
The boundaries of rigid cratons can be affected by subsequent orogenic events, leading to ‘metacratonic’ characteristics not often properly recognized and still poorly understood. Major lithospheric thickening is absent and early events such as ophiolites are preserved; however, metacratonic boundaries are affected by major shear zones, abundant magmatism and mineralizations, and local high-pressure metamorphism.
West Africa, marked by the large Eburnian (c. 2 Ga) West African craton, the absence of Mesoproterozoic events, the major Pan-African (0.9–0.55 Ga) mobile belts that generated the Peri-Gondawanan terranes, and the weaker but enlightening Variscan and Alpine orogenies, is an excellent place for tackling this promising concept of metacratonization.
The papers in this book consider most of the West African craton boundaries, from the reworking of the Palaeoproterozoic terranes, through the Pan-African encircling terranes, the late Neoproterozoic-early Palaeozoic extension period and the Peri-Gondwanan terranes, the Variscan imprint to the current situation.