Evidence of Late Cretaceous oroclinal bending in north-central Anatolia: palaeomagnetic results from Mesozoic and Cenozoic rocks along the İzmir–Ankara–Erzincan Suture Zone
Published:January 01, 2016
Mualla Cengiz Cinku, Mumtaz Hisarli, Ann M. Hirt, Friedrich Heller, Timur Ustaömer, Nurcan Kaya, Erdinç Öksüm, Naci Orbay, 2016. "Evidence of Late Cretaceous oroclinal bending in north-central Anatolia: palaeomagnetic results from Mesozoic and Cenozoic rocks along the İzmir–Ankara–Erzincan Suture Zone", Palaeomagnetism in Fold and Thrust Belts: New Perspectives, E. L. Pueyo, F. Cifelli, A. J. Sussman, B. Oliva-Urcia
Download citation file:
The Sakarya Zone and the Kırşehir Block of northern Turkey are separated by the İzmir–Ankara–Erzincan Suture (IAES) Zone which is the remnant of the northern branch of the Neotethys Ocean. During the closure of the IAES in the Late Cretaceous, northwards drift of the Kırşehir Block and its eventual indentation into the Sakarya Zone produced crustal deformation defined by thrusts and reverse faults, mainly between the indenting Kırşehir Block and the Sakarya Zone. Previous palaeomagnetic studies in the eastern part of the Pontides and the Sakarya Zone showed that palaeomagnetic declinations could record the deformation that resulted in the...
Figures & Tables
Palaeomagnetism in Fold and Thrust Belts: New Perspectives
Palaeomagnetism is a technique used to understand complex deformation patterns in fold-and-thrust belts; it can be used to characterize the distribution, magnitude and timing of vertical axis rotations, an elusive variable using other methods. A combination of palaeomagnetic and structural geology analyses has helped to unravel the geometry and kinematics of fold-and-thrust belts around the world and of different geological ages for more than 50 years. This volume comprises three sections: the first shows thorough overviews of western Mediterranean arcs and the western Carpathians; the second depicts several examples from the Andes, the Alps, Anatolia, Pyrenees, Iberian Ranges and the Atlas; and the third shows the latest research on the use of palaeomagnetism to understand fold-and-thrust belts in 3D and 4D in a more quantitative way and it also includes some methodological proposals to avoid common errors. In the papers of the first two sections, the combination of palaeomagnetic analyses with structural data, AMS or magnetostratigraphic analyses demonstrate the usefulness of palaeomagnetism in deciphering complex deformation patterns in fold-and-thrust belts.