Numerical interpretation of gas-injection tests at different scales
Published:January 01, 2015
Hua Shao, Wenjie Xu, Paul Marschall, Olaf Kolditz, Jürgen Hesser, 2015. "Numerical interpretation of gas-injection tests at different scales", Gas Generation and Migration in Deep Geological Radioactive Waste Repositories, R. P. Shaw
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To investigate gas-migration processes in saturated low-permeability argillaceous rocks, gas-injection tests under different injection pressures were carried out at different scales: on core samples at the laboratory scale; in the packed-off section of boreholes at the borehole scale (HG-B); and in the sealed microtunnel at the tunnel scale (HG-A) – a 1:2 scale experiment at the Mont Terri Rock Laboratory, Switzerland. All three tests at the Mont Terri Rock Laboratory involved Opalinus Clay. A fully coupled hydromechanical model has been developed that takes account of elastic and plastic anisotropies, anisotropic two-phase flow based on the van Genuchten function, and...
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Gas Generation and Migration in Deep Geological Radioactive Waste Repositories
Understanding the behaviour of gases in the context of radioactive waste disposal is a fundamental requirement in developing a safety case for the disposal of radioactive waste. Of particular importance are the long-term performance of bentonite buffers and cement-based backfill materials that may be used to encapsulate and surround the waste in a repository, and the behaviour of plastic clays, indurated mudrocks and crystalline formations that may be the host rocks for a repository. The EC Euratom programme funded project, FORGE, has provided new insights into the processes and mechanisms governing gas generation and migration with the aim of reducing uncertainty. This volume brings together papers on aspects of this topic arising from both the FORGE project and work undertaken elsewhere. This has been achieved by the acquisition of new experimental data coupled with modelling, through a series of laboratory and field-scale experiments performed at a number of underground research laboratories throughout Europe.