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Many calderas are the culmination of long-lived volcanic systems. Field-based studies provide detailed descriptions and interpretations of the origins of individual examples, while analogue and mathematical modelling provide insights about caldera formation. Caldera morphology and structure yield information on subsidence mechanisms and geometry of the associated magma chamber, while studies of eruptive products address aspects of magma composition and eruption dynamics. Combining field data with analogue and numerical modelling leads us to propose a genetic classification of calderas based on the stress conditions that permit formation of ring faults and the pressure evolution in the magma chamber during a...

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