The latest Mars missions are returning data of unprecedented fidelity in their representation of the martian surface. New data include images with spatial resolution better than 30 cm per pixel, stereo imaging-derived terrain models with one meter postings, high-resolution imaging spectroscopy, and RADAR data that reveal subsurface structure. This book reveals how this information is being used to understand the evolution of martian landscapes, and includes topics such as fluvial flooding, permafrost and periglacial landforms, debris flows, deposition and erosion of sedimentary material, and the origin of lineaments on Phobos, the larger martian moon. Contemporary remote sensing data of Mars, on a par with those of Earth, reveal landscapes strikingly similar to regions of our own planet, so this book will be of interest to Earth scientists and planetary scientists alike. An overview chapter summarising Mars’ climate, geology and exploration is included for the benefit of those new to Mars.
Periglacial geomorphology and landscape evolution of the Tempe Terra region, Mars
Published:January 01, 2011
S. Van Gasselt, E. Hauber, A.-P. Rossi, A. Dumke, R. Orosei, G. Neukum, 2011. "Periglacial geomorphology and landscape evolution of the Tempe Terra region, Mars", Martian Geomorphology, M. R. Balme, A. S. Bargery, C. J. Gallagher, S. Gupta
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A systematic survey was undertaken and an investigation carried out into the geomorphological characteristics of lobate debris aprons in the Tempe Terra region of Mars. Based on the most recent high-resolution (sub 15 m per pixel) imagery and on new topography data, this study endeavoured to raise and discuss questions regarding their formation (emplacement) and modification (deformation sequence), as well as the role of a mantling deposit found at mid-latitude locations on Mars. Furthermore, a model for the formation of debris aprons in the Tempe Terra–Mareotis Fossae settings is proposed. Image survey, in combination with basic morphometric observations within a geomorphological context, provided additional insights into the source, emplacement and modification of hillslope debris material. Our results imply that lobate debris aprons are not mainly relicts of remnant degradation but are substantially composed of mantling material probably deposited episodically in the course of planetary obliquity changes and over a long timespan, as derived erosion rates suggest. Crater-size frequency statistics and the derivation of absolute ages show ages of sub-recent modification and document earlier resurfacing events.