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The western part of Ecuador is made from several oceanic terranes, which comprise two oceanic plateaus, of Early (c. 120 Ma) and Late Cretaceous age (c. 90 Ma), respectively. The older oceanic plateau was accreted to the Andean margin in the Late Campanian (c. 75 Ma). Fragments of the Turonian–Coniacian plateau were accreted to the Ecuadorian margin in the Late Maastrichtian (c. 68 Ma, Guaranda terrane) and Late Paleocene (c. 58 Ma, Piñón–Naranjal terrane). The Guaranda terrane received either fine-grained oceanic sediments of Coniacian–Maastrichtian age, or island arc/back-arc volcanic...

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