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Regional metamorphism occurs in plate boundary zones. Accretionary orogenic systems form at subduction boundaries in the absence of continent collision, whereas collisional orogenic systems form where ocean basins close and subduction steps back and flips (arc collisions), simply steps back and continues with the same polarity (block and terrane collisions) or ultimately ceases (continental collisions). As a result, collisional orogenic systems may be superimposed on accretionary orogenic systems. Metamorphism associated with orogenesis provides a mineral record that may be inverted to yield apparent thermal gradients for different metamorphic belts, which in turn may be used to infer tectonic setting....

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