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Northern Greece is an intracontinental region behind the Hellenic subduction zone, with widespread seismic activity (ranging from low to high), with strong destructive earthquakes of M ≥ 6.0 in historical to recent times. Geological and seismological data indicate that recent seismic activity is mainly localized along large, inherited, fault zones, which have transected Northern Greece since Oligocene—Miocene times. The main active fault zones in Thrace, and Eastern and Central Macedonia strike approximately east—west, with lengths of 40–120 km. Fault segments strike WNW—ESE to ENE—WSW and range from 10 to 30 km in length. In Western Macedonia the main active...

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