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The Izmir–Ankara–Erzincan suture zone (IAESZ) in the Central and the Eastern Pontides comprises a stack of thrust sheets of mainly Late Cretaceous–Early Cenozoic age that are restored as: (1) a subduction–accretion complex; (2) a continental-margin magmatic arc, plus an associated forearc basin; (3) a back-arc basin and its mainly sedimentary fill. Northward thrusting affected all of the Late Cretaceous units during latest Cretaceous (Campanian–Maastrichtian) time. This was followed by regional southward thrusting to form the present thrust stack during Mid-Eocene time. Alternative tectonic models are considered in the light of sedimentary, igneous geochemical and structural evidence, and global comparisons....

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