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Vertical-axis rotation of rigid crustal blocks occurs in a variety of obliquely convergent and divergent plate boundaries. We quantify the rotation of these blocks using models of transpressional and transtensional kinematics, and corroborate our results using physical models where rigid blocks rotate in response to flow of a ductile substrate. Consequently, one can explicitly demonstrate a relationship between the amount of rotation of a rigid crustal block and strain recorded in ductile substrate. This strain should be reflected directly by the orientation of rock fabrics, such as those measured by shear-wave splitting in the in situ upper mantle.s


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