Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination

Exploration experience gained in specific salt basins of West Africa may not be directly applicable to other salt basins along the entire passive margin. To conduct a comparative structural analysis, regional reflection seismic transects were constructed across the salt basins of Morocco, Senegal, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and Angola.

Regional-scale similarities of the salt basins include the progressive complication of salt-related structures basinward, the change from an extensional domain on the shelf to a compressional domain on the slope and the presence of a toe-thrust front at the oceanward edge of the basins. Regional-scale differences are partly attributed to the relative stratigraphic position of the salt in relation to the rift history.

In the better-known post-rift salt basins of Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo and Angola updip extension is represented by a broad rafted domain balanced by downdip contraction in the form of salt tongues, canopies and a toe-thrust zone. The efficiency of this gravity sliding/spreading across the whole margin is due to the more or less uniform original distribution of Aptian salt in the post-rift succession forming a continuous detachment level.

In contrast, the typically uneven original distribution of the Late Triassic and Early Jurassic syn-rift salt in Morocco, Mauritania, Senegal, The Gambia and Guinea-Bissau is due to basement highs separating rift half-grabens and creating a different structural pattern. Individual salt structures, such as pillows and diapirs, originated from isolated patches of the autochthonous salt. In the case of syn-rift salt, updip extension may not always be the ultimate driving force for the contractional salt-deformation downdip.

You do not currently have access to this chapter.

Figures & Tables

Contents

GeoRef

References

Related

Citing Books via

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal