Old Red Sandstone basins and alluvial systems of Midland Scotland
Published:January 01, 2000
Old Red Sandstone rocks of the Midland Valley of Scotland record the amalgamation history of blocks widely separated from each other in Ordovician times. As a response to the lateral juxtaposition of the Midland Valley against the Highland block, the Midland Valley, weakened during its long history of igneous activity, was subjected to transtension and transpression, which opened and closed basins resulting in much recycling of sediment and the renewed development of intermittent and sometimes prolific volcanic activity. The Old Red Sandstone comprises two cycles of basin fill: the older (the Lower Old Red Sandstone) is separated by a...
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New Perspectives on the Old Red Sandstone
From the 1960s onwards, the Old Red Sandstone of both borders of the Atlantic Ocean has acted as a test-bed for the development of new ideas on the interpretation of fluvial, lacustrine and aeolian sedimentary rocks, and the investigation of tectonically-active basins. Much of the earlier reconnaissance work is now being reviewed in the light of further detailed field study, along with new developments in the understanding of the biostratigraphy, palaeobiology, geochronology, pedogenesis and tectonics.
Three general papers review recent work on the stratigraphical and chronological analysis of the Late Silurian, Devonian and Early Carboniferous strata, and summarize present understanding of the tectonics of the basins. These are then followed by twenty-seven contributions covering new work in Eastern USA, Canada, Ireland, Britain, Norway, Greenland and Spitsbergen.